Lathyrism is caused by consumption of __________

A. Cereals

B. Sugar

C. Fats

D. Pulses

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Lathyrism is a neurological disease caused by the consumption of certain legumes in the genus Lathyrus, particularly Lathyrus sativus (also known as grass pea or chickling pea). The disease is characterized by:
Symptoms: Paralysis or muscle weakness, particularly in the lower limbs, muscle wasting, and spasticity. In severe cases, it can lead to permanent disability.
Cause: The primary cause is the toxin β-N-oxalyl-L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid (ODAP), which is present in the seeds of these legumes.
Prevention: To prevent lathyrism, it is important to avoid consuming large quantities of Lathyrus sativus and to ensure a balanced diet with adequate nutrition. In areas where these legumes are a dietary staple, promoting agricultural diversity and educating the population about the risks can help reduce the incidence of the disease.

Which one of the following is ascorbic acid?

A. Vitamin A

B. Vitamin B

C. Vitamin C

D. Vitamin D

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Alternative names for vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K:
Vitamin A: Retinol, Retinal, Beta-Carotene
Vitamin B: This group includes several vitamins, each with its own name:
B1: Thiamine
B2: Riboflavin
B3: Niacin (Nicotinic Acid)
B5: Pantothenic Acid
B6: Pyridoxine
B7: Biotin (Vitamin H)
B9: Folate (Folic Acid)
B12: Cobalamin
Vitamin C: Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin D: Calciferol (D2: Ergocalciferol, D3: Cholecalciferol)
Vitamin E: Tocopherol
Vitamin K: Phylloquinone (K1), Menaquinone (K2)

Hygrometer is used for measuring the ________

A. Speed of light

B. Speed of sound

C. Density of milk

D. Humidity of air

E. Specific gravity of liquids

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Here are the instruments used to measure each of the listed properties:
A. Speed of light: Interferometer or Laser-based time-of-flight instruments
B. Speed of sound: Microphone and oscilloscope setup, Ultrasonic transducer
C. Density of milk: Lactometer
D. Humidity of air: Hygrometer
E. Specific gravity of liquids: Hydrometer

The commonly present elements in the artificial fertilizers are _______

A. N, P, Na

B. K, N, P

C. P, Ba, N

D. Na, K, He

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The commonly present elements in artificial fertilizers are K, N, P (Potassium, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus).

Which of the following vitamin is associated with blood coagulation?

A

B

D

K

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Functions of some important vitamins are as under.
Vitamin A: Vision, Immune Function, Cell Growth, Reproduction.
Vitamin B (B-complex vitamins): Energy Production, Red Blood Cell Formation, Nervous System Health, DNA Synthesis and Repair.
Vitamin C: Antioxidant, Collagen Synthesis, Immune Function, Wound Healing.
Vitamin D: Calcium Absorption, Bone Health, Immune Function, Muscle Function.
Vitamin E: Antioxidant, Immune Function, Skin Health, Cell Function.
Vitamin K: Bone Health, Cardiovascular Health, Cell Growth Regulation, Metabolism of Other Proteins, Brain Health, Anti-inflammatory Effects.

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